Lo que necesitas saber sobre la difteria

La difteria es una enfermedad infecciosa aguda epidémica, ocasionada por la exotoxina proteica producida por el bacilo Corynebacterium diphtheriae. 

Se caracteriza por la aparición de falsas membranas (pseudomembranas) firmemente adheridas, de exudado fibrinoso, que se forman principalmente en las superficies mucosas de las vías respiratorias y digestivas superiores, comúnmente en las amígdalas. Suele afectar a la garganta, nariz, miocardio, fibras nerviosas o piel. Ataca sobre todo a los niños menores de cinco años y a adultos mayores de 60 años.

Esta enfermedad es altamente infecciosa y provoca, entre otros síntomas, ardor y dolor en la garganta al tragar la comida, dificultad al respirar, inflamación del cuello y puede ser mortal si no trata a tiempo.

La difteria se transmite a otros por medio del contacto directo por estornudos, al toser, secreciones de la garganta, piel, ojos o cualquier otro tipo de secreción de las personas infectadas.

Los síntomas principales son el dolor de garganta, un aumento leve de la temperatura corporal y ganglios linfáticos (nódulos linfáticos) inflamados en el cuello. Además, se puede formar una membrana fibrinosa en la garganta, típica de esta enfermedad. Las lesiones de la piel pueden ser dolorosas, de aspecto hinchado y enrojecido.

Alternativamente, una persona con difteria puede no presentar absolutamente ningún síntoma, los cuales usualmente aparecen de 1 a 7 días, posterior al contagio.

Las personas no tratadas infectadas con difteria suelen ser contagiosas durante las primeras dos semanas, y menos frecuentemente más allá de cuatro. Si son tratadas con los antibióticos apropiados, el periodo de contagio puede limitarse a menos de cuatro días.

El toxoide de la difteria usualmente se combina con el del tétanos (Clostridium tetani) y el de la tosferina (Bordetella pertussis) en una sola vacuna triple conocida como DPT (Difteria-Pertusis-Tétanos).

Esta enfermedad es muy contagiosa por lo que es recomendable vacunarse oportunamente.

Debido a la vacunación generalizada de los niños, la difteria ahora es poco común en muchas partes del mundo. La protección de la vacuna dura sólo 10 años, por eso es importante que los adultos reciban una vacuna de refuerzo cada 10 años.

La complicación más común es la inflamación del músculo cardíaco (miocarditis), pudiendo originar la muerte de la persona. El sistema nervioso también puede verse afectado en forma grave y frecuente, lo cual puede ocasionar parálisis temporal.

 

RECOMENDACIONES:

  • Acuda al servicio de inmunización del hospital más cercano para su vacunación contra la difteria.
  • Acuda al médico en caso de presentar fiebre persistente, dolor al tragar o membranas grisáceas en su faringe o amígdalas.
  • Adopte el hábito de lavar sus manos frecuentemente.
  • Tape su boca con el codo o un pañuelo al toser o estornudar, para evitar el contagio a otras personas.
  • Evite la automedicación.

Descripción del Autor: Dr. Alejandro Leira. Médico Cirujano especialista en Medicina Ocupacional, Medicina Estética y Medicina Fotónica.
Correo: Leira3000@hotmail.com

 

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Print this page

182 COMENTARIOS

  1. Wonderful items from you, man. I have take into account your
    stuff prior to and you’re just extremely magnificent.
    I actually like what you have obtained here, certainly like
    what you are saying and the best way by which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you continue to care for to keep it
    wise. I cant wait to learn much more from you. This is actually a tremendous site.

  2. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make
    your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos
    to your site when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  3. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your site
    on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the knowledge you present here and can’t wait to take a
    look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast
    your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI,
    just 3G .. Anyhow, very good blog!

  4. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was curious what all is needed to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% positive.

    Any recommendations or advice would be greatly
    appreciated. Kudos

  5. Wonderful blog! I found it while browsing on Yahoo News.

    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to
    get there! Thank you

  6. This design is incredible! You definitely know how to keep a reader entertained.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start
    my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

  7. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things
    or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read even more things about it!

  8. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment.
    There’s no doubt that that you ought to write more about this issue, it may not be a taboo
    matter but usually people do not speak about such subjects.
    To the next! All the best!!

  9. I do accept as true with all the ideas you’ve introduced to your post.
    They are very convincing and can definitely work.
    Still, the posts are too short for newbies. Could you please extend them
    a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  10. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this superb blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to new updates and will share this
    website with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

  11. Whats up very cool site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful
    .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m satisfied to find a lot of useful information here within the
    publish, we want work out more techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  12. Hey There. I discovered your blog the usage of msn. That is a really
    smartly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it
    and return to learn more of your useful information. Thanks for the post.
    I will certainly return.

  13. Hi there are using WordPress for your site platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and
    create my own. Do you require any coding knowledge to make your own blog?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  14. you are in reality a good webmaster. The web site loading velocity is amazing.
    It sort of feels that you’re doing any unique trick.
    Also, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a fantastic job on this
    topic!

  15. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images
    on this blog loading? I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  16. What’s up everyone, it’s my first pay a quick visit
    at this web site, and post is genuinely fruitful designed for me, keep up posting
    these types of articles or reviews.

  17. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems
    as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You obviously know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could
    be giving us something enlightening to read?

  18. naturally like your web site but you have to take a look at the spelling on several of your posts.
    Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very
    troublesome to tell the truth on the other hand I will surely come again again.

  19. Hello! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  20. I am not certain the place you are getting your info, however great topic.
    I needs to spend a while finding out more or working out more.

    Thank you for magnificent information I was in search of this info
    for my mission.

  21. Somebody essentially lend a hand to make significantly articles I might state.
    That is the very first time I frequented your web page and up to now?
    I surprised with the research you made to make this particular
    post incredible. Fantastic activity!

  22. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this
    blog. I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts
    from you later on as well. In truth, your creative writing
    abilities has motivated me to get my very own website now 😉

  23. certainly like your web site but you need to take a look
    at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling
    issues and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth however I will surely come again again.

  24. Great blog here! Also your website loads up fast!
    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?

    I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  25. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.
    I’m quite sure I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  26. Admiring the dedication you put into your blog and in depth information you
    present. It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the
    same old rehashed information. Great read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  27. Excellent article. Keep writing such kind of information on your
    blog. Im really impressed by your site.
    Hi there, You’ve performed an excellent job. I’ll certainly digg
    it and for my part suggest to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this web site.

  28. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting
    things or advice. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to
    this article. I desire to read more things about it!

  29. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to
    send you an email. I’ve got some creative ideas for
    your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it improve over
    time.

  30. First of all I would like to say terrific blog!
    I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you
    don’t mind. I was curious to find out how you center
    yourself and clear your mind before writing.
    I have had a tough time clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out.

    I do take pleasure in writing however it just
    seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are generally lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any
    recommendations or tips? Thanks!

  31. Hi there, I found your site by way of Google while searching for a similar matter,
    your web site came up, it seems to be good. I have bookmarked it
    in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply become aware of your weblog via Google, and located that it’s truly informative.

    I’m gonna be careful for brussels. I’ll be grateful should you continue this in future.
    Many other people might be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  32. Hi, Neat post. There’s an issue along with your web site in web explorer, may test this?

    IE still is the marketplace leader and a good element of other folks will leave out your
    magnificent writing due to this problem.

  33. I’m curious to find out what blog system you have been utilizing?
    I’m having some small security issues with my
    latest blog and I would like to find something more secure.

    Do you have any solutions?

  34. Just want to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clarity in your post is simply spectacular
    and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming
    post. Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  35. Hi there I am so thrilled I found your blog, I really found
    you by accident, while I was searching on Bing for something else, Anyways I am here now
    and would just like to say thank you for a marvelous post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I
    don’t have time to read through it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it
    and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will
    be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the awesome
    job.

  36. Wow, amazing weblog format! How long have you ever been running a blog for?
    you made blogging glance easy. The whole glance of your site is wonderful,
    let alone the content!

  37. You really make it appear really easy together with your presentation but I to find this topic to be actually something which
    I believe I might by no means understand. It kind of feels too
    complex and extremely broad for me. I am taking a look ahead to your next put up, I will try to get the dangle of it!

  38. What i don’t understood is actually how you’re not actually
    a lot more well-favored than you may be now.
    You are so intelligent. You already know thus
    considerably when it comes to this topic, produced
    me in my view consider it from so many various angles.

    Its like women and men are not interested unless it is
    something to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs great.
    At all times handle it up!

  39. Hello! I’ve been reading your blog for a long time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a
    shout out from Austin Texas! Just wanted to tell you keep up the excellent work!

  40. Valuable info. Lucky me I discovered your website by accident, and I’m
    shocked why this twist of fate didn’t took place earlier!
    I bookmarked it.

  41. Attractive portion of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to say that I acquire in fact enjoyed account
    your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing on your feeds and even I achievement you get right of entry
    to constantly rapidly.

  42. You can certainly see your enthusiasm within the article you write.
    The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe.
    All the time follow your heart.

  43. I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing problems with your website.
    It appears as if some of the text in your content are running
    off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This might be a problem with my web browser because I’ve
    had this happen before. Kudos

  44. Thank you for any other fantastic article. Where else may anybody get that type of info in such a perfect approach of writing?
    I have a presentation subsequent week, and I am at the search for such information.

  45. Hey there would you mind stating which blog
    platform you’re working with? I’m planning to start my
    own blog in the near future but I’m having a difficult time
    selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  46. Whats up very nice web site!! Guy .. Beautiful ..
    Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds additionally?

    I am satisfied to seek out a lot of helpful info
    right here within the publish, we need work out extra techniques
    in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  47. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer
    for your blog. You have some really good posts and I believe
    I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off,
    I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please send me an email if interested. Cheers!

  48. I have been browsing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found
    any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough
    for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful
    than ever before.

  49. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The text in your content seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.
    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to
    let you know. The design look great though! Hope you get the
    issue solved soon. Cheers

  50. Generally I do not read article on blogs, but I wish to
    say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do it!
    Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, quite great article.

  51. I like the helpful information you supply in your articles.

    I’ll bookmark your blog and check once more here frequently.
    I am fairly certain I’ll be informed many new stuff proper right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  52. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done a
    formidable job and our entire community will be thankful to
    you.

  53. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who
    has been doing a little research on this. And he in fact ordered me lunch due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But
    yeah, thanx for spending some time to talk about this topic here on your web page.

  54. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive
    a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is
    now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  55. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high quality articles or
    blog posts on this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo I at last
    stumbled upon this site. Studying this info So i am satisfied to exhibit that I’ve an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I discovered just what
    I needed. I so much no doubt will make sure to don?t
    fail to remember this web site and give it a
    glance on a relentless basis.

  56. Hello excellent website! Does running a blog
    similar to this require a great deal of work? I’ve no knowledge of coding
    however I was hoping to start my own blog in the near future.
    Anyway, if you have any suggestions or tips for new blog
    owners please share. I understand this is off topic however I just needed to
    ask. Many thanks!

  57. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve be mindful your stuff prior to and you are
    simply extremely fantastic. I actually like what you’ve received right here,
    certainly like what you’re stating and the best way during which
    you assert it. You make it enjoyable and you continue to care for
    to keep it smart. I cant wait to learn far more from you.
    That is really a tremendous site.

  58. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve truly loved surfing around
    your weblog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing for your rss
    feed and I hope you write once more very soon!

  59. What you composed made a lot of sense. However, what about this?
    what if you were to create a killer title? I ain’t suggesting your content is not solid., but suppose you
    added a post title to maybe grab a person’s attention? I mean Lo que necesitas saber sobre la difteriaLa Gran Ciudad | La Gran Ciudad is a little plain. You could
    peek at Yahoo’s front page and watch how they create post titles to grab people to click.
    You might add a related video or a pic or two to grab readers interested
    about what you’ve written. In my opinion, it could make your
    posts a little bit more interesting.

  60. Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will revisit
    once again since i have saved as a favorite it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and
    continue to guide others.

  61. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post.
    Also, I have shared your website in my social networks!

  62. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this excellent blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking
    and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look
    forward to new updates and will share this blog with my Facebook group.
    Chat soon!

  63. fantastic post, very informative. I’m wondering why the
    other specialists of this sector do not notice this.
    You should continue your writing. I’m confident, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  64. I have been browsing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did,
    the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  65. Howdy I am so thrilled I found your blog page,
    I really found you by error, while I was searching on Google for
    something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a marvelous
    post and a all round exciting blog (I also
    love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the moment but
    I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have
    time I will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the excellent work.

  66. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve understand your
    stuff previous to and you’re just too great.

    I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like
    what you are saying and the way in which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise.
    I cant wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful website.

  67. Hello! I know this is kind of off topic but I was
    wondering if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for
    my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having
    problems finding one? Thanks a lot!

  68. Hello there! This post couldn’t be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my good old room mate!

    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this write-up to him.
    Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  69. hi!,I really like your writing so a lot! proportion we keep up a correspondence extra approximately your article on AOL?
    I need a specialist in this house to resolve my problem.
    Maybe that’s you! Taking a look forward to see you.

  70. Somebody necessarily help to make critically articles I’d state.

    That is the first time I frequented your web page and to this point?
    I amazed with the analysis you made to make this particular post amazing.
    Great activity!

  71. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your weblog.
    You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write
    some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please blast me an email if interested. Kudos!

DEJA UNA RESPUESTA

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here